Lab tests have been a tried and tested method of determining a whole spectrum of information regarding the human body. Of these tests, the most common way to garner this information is to do a blood test.
Types of Blood Tests and their uses
Blood work can be done in a number of ways:
- CBC, or Complete Blood Count: In addition to measuring the patient’s haemoglobin levels, and hematocrit, this tests measures the red and white blood cell count in the blood. Anything outside the normal count can indicate signs of infection, immune system disorders, anaemia or even cancer.
- Lipoprotein Test: This test measures cholesterol levels in the blood. This is broken down into HDL, LDL and triglycerides, the measuring of which can help indicate signs of cardiovascular disease.
- Blood Glucose Test: This is used to detect diabetes or the onset of it, by measuring the patient’s blood glucose.
- Metabolic Panel: The results from this test indicate a possible problem with muscles such as the heart, kidney or liver.
- Clotting Factor: The test is used to determine that blood in the patient’s body is clotting properly. This could be due to a number of factors such as the intake of blood thinners, or an existing medical condition. This is important in order to mitigate blood loss from lesions on the skin.
Look up the internet with the keywords “blood test lab near me“ to find a conveniently-located lab, should you be advised by your general practitioner to get one done. The quicker the patient’s response to the situation, the faster the cause of ailment can be discovered.
Like the blood, the thyroid is also a commonly-affected organ, more so among adult women than men. There is no cause for panic, however, as the treatments for thyroid-related issues are many, and depend only on the type of problem associated with the gland. To determine the same, one can take up a Thyroid Test, referred to as thyroid function tests, to measure the integrity of the gland. Whether the patient has hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism is determined by the production of the triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) hormones. Typically, your doctor will order for a broad screening test, which comes in two forms: the TSH test, and the T4 test.
In order to do so, however, a blood sample will be required, which is known as a venipuncture. Once the patient retrieves the results, his or her doctor will be able to assess the same. If the T4 or the TSH test indicate hyperthyroidism, a T3 test is also ordered.
A Forgotten but Important Body Part!
Apart from these tests, a commonly ignored part of the body that requires one’s attention is the kneecap. The most common knee cap test is known as Clarke’s Test, which is used to diagnose the patellofemoral joint disorder. There are other tests which can help determine the integrity of the knee, such as the Anterior Drawer Test, Lachman’s Test, Thessaly Test, and the Varus Stress Test. Information on these tests should be sought for from one’s general practitioner, in case of any pain or discomfort arising from the knee. Also, you can get a knee cap for stabilization and helping in pain management.